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New Manuscripts from Qumran or other Sources II

Hanan Eshel, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel

Sixty Years after the Discovery of Cave 1–How Many Fragments Are still Out There?

In this lecture I will try to offer a survey of all the Qumran fragments that are not in the possession of the Israel Antiquities Authority or the Shrine of the Book in the Israel Museum. Those fragments can be divided into two groups: The first group includes fragments, which are kept in public locations (such as museums, universities or libraries) and in the second group are fragments, which are kept in private hands. The two most important collections in the first group are the National Library in Paris, which holds 377 fragments from 18 scrolls found in Cave 1, and the Amman Museum, which have fragments from 20 scrolls (15 from Cave 1; 4 from cave 4, and the Copper Scroll from Cave 3). Five other museums and universities also holds a handful of Qumran fragments.

The second group of fragments are much more difficult to keep trace off, since those fragments often change hands. In this lecture I will discuss 8 groups of fragments, which are kept in different hands. The most important groups are the fragments in the Martin Schoyen collection, and the fragments that were published recently in three catalogues of exhibitions that were shown in the United States. In this lecture I will try to summarize all the details, which are known about those fragments.

The last part of the lecture will discuss the papyri that were found in Jericho in 1986 and 1993, the two Greek documents that were found in Ein Gedi in 2002, and the Leviticus Scroll from Nahal Arugot that was found in 2004.

Wednesday 18 July 15.45, Room 1

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